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Wandikira: Katikiro w'ekika kye'njovu
P.O. Box 1250 Kampala
E-mail: katikkiro@njovu.org,  +256 752 728738

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Prime Minister Njovu Clan
P.O. Box 1250 Kampala
E-mail: katikkiro@njovu.org
Website: www.njovu.org

Hereditary Leaders

Introduction;
The Clan is organised and governed through seven levels of hereditary leadership. The seven levels are as follows:
1. Mukalo at the top (Omukulembeze w’Ekika; Ow’Akasolya)
2. Heads of Patrician Lineages (Abakulembeze b’Ennyiriri Ennangira)
3. Heads of Branches (Abakulembeze b’Amasiga; Ab’Amasiga)
4. Heads of Sub-branches (Abakulembeze b’Emituba; Ab’Emituba)
5. Heads of Family Lineages (Abakulembeze b’Ennyiriri; Ab’Ennyiriri)
6. Heads of Household Clusters (Abakulembeze b’Empya; Ab’Empya)
7. Heads of Households (Abakulembeze b’Ennyumba; Ab’Ennyumba)

Mukalo
Mukalo is the hereditary head of the Clan. By virtue of this position, Mukalo is the cultural leader of the Clan and its traditional top ruler. As such, Mukalo culturally reports directly to the Kabaka though administratively he coordinates with the Katikkiro of Buganda who is the Kabaka’s chief executive officer of the Kingdom.
Mukalo chairs the Clan’s cultural and heritage council (Olukiiko l’Akasolya) composed of heads of patrician lineages (Abakulu b’Ennyiriri z’Akasolya=Ennyiriri Ennangira), as well as and heads of branches (Abakulu b’Amasiga).
Mukalo also appoints the Clan’s Katikkiro to whom he delegates power and authority to run the Clan on his behalf.
Mukalo opens and closes sittings of all the Clan’s key councils and gatherings to which he acts as Chief Speaker and Guest of Honour, including those of the General Assembly.

Mukalo’s main roles and responsibilities are:
• To provide overall leadership and governance to the Clan; and to perform all such cultural and administrative duties as involve the office of Mukalo;
• To act as the principal rallying and unifying figure for clan members all over the world;
• To appoint and supervise the Clan’s Katikkiro;
• To ensure the preservation and protection of the Clan’s norms and customs, traditions and heritage including history, cultural sites and artefacts;
• To ensure the promotion of unity and progress within the Clan through mobilisation and development initiatives;
• To ensure good governance of the Clan through the promotion of councils and effective leadership at every level; and through the provision of effective support to the Clan’s Katikkiro and his cabinet; and
• To rally the Clan behind the Kabaka in the preservation and protection of Buganda’s traditions and heritage, as well the Kingdom.

Leaders of Patrician Lineages (Abakulu b’Ennyiriri z’Akasolya)
The heads of the 8 patrician lineages are the first line of hereditary clan leaders after Mukalo. They are members of the Clan’s cultural and heritage council chaired by Mukalo. Below them are leaders of groups of patrician families or houses that trace their ancestry to the 7 Mukalos who apparently resided at Ntonnyeze before the era of Ssessanga I. In ordinary Kiganda parlance they are referred to as Mukalo’s brothers or cousins.
The head of the patrician lineage appoints the lineage’s Katikkiro to whom he delegates power and authority to run the lineage on his behalf.

The patrician lineage leader’s main roles and responsibilities are:
• To provide leadership and governance under Mukalo to the patrician lineage of which he is the head, as well as perform all duties pertaining to this position;
• To act as the rallying and unifying figure under Mukalo for clan members of the lineage, ensuring that unity and a sense of development are effectively promoted and encouraged;
• To ensure that regular meetings of members of the lineage are held to discuss important issues pertaining to the lineage;
• To ensure that cultural ceremonies and festivals that are held in the lineage comply with the Clan’s norms, and that only those practices that foster unity and understanding among clan members and their families are encouraged and supported;
• To represent the lineage in the Clan’s top cultural and heritage council and in all important Clan gatherings;
• To appoint and supervise the lineage’s Katikkiro, and ensure that he is provided with enough power and authority to play his mandated role effectively;
• To ensure that the lineage’s traditions and heritage including history, cultural sites and artefacts are properly identified, preserved and protected;
• To ensure the effective implementation of decisions made at the apex;
• To mobilise members of the lineage for unity and development;
• To ensure that the lineage’s cultural and heritage council, the lineage’s executive council, and the lineage’s general assembly are put in place and that effective strategies are made for the effective mobilisation and active participation of members in the gatherings of these councils;
• To chair monthly meetings of the lineage’s cultural and heritage council, and to be the Guest of Honour and main celebrant at key events organised in the lineage;
• To ensure good governance of the lineage through the promotion of effective leadership at all levels in the lineage;
• With the help of the lineage’s cultural and heritage council, to hear and resolve regarding leadership and property wrangles and disputes;
• To submit a monthly report to Mukalo through the Clan’s Katikkiro about the activities and programmes of the lineage;
• To deal with request for holding last funeral rites and other cultural ceremonies and festivals
• To work alongside Mukalo’s area representative in all matters involving the effective coordination and smooth operation of the Clan’s activities and programmes in the area;
• To organise an annual gathering where members of the lineage meet and get to know each other and to exchange views and share experiences, and possibly map the way forward for their lineage; and
• To rally the lineage behind Mukalo and the Clan as a whole.

Heads of Branches (Abakulu b’Amasiga)
Heads of branches constitute the second level of hereditary leaders of the Clan. Historically, the heads of branches are the grandsons of Ssessanga I. They trace their ancestry at Kambugu, where Ssessanga was transferred by Kabaka Ccwa Nnabakka. They, like the heads of patrician lineages, are members of the cultural and heritage council under Mukalo. Their branches have the majority of clan members. They are referred as sons of the reigning Mukalo who, historically, is the successor of Ssessanga I.

The head of the branch (Omukulu Ow’essiga or Ow’essiga) appoints the branch’s Katikkiro to whom he delegates power and authority to run the lineage on his behalf.

The branch leader’s main roles and responsibilities are:
• To provide leadership and governance under Mukalo to the branch which he heads, as well as perform all duties pertaining to the position of branch head, ensuring effective administration of the affairs of the branch and the well-being of clan members;
• To act as the rallying and unifying figure under Mukalo for clan members of the branch, ensuring the promotion of unity, brotherhood and understanding at all branch levels;
• To establish a general assembly of members of the branch and ensure that regular meetings of this council are held to discuss and resolve key issues pertaining to the branch;
• To represent the branch at the Clan’s top cultural and heritage council and at all important Clan gatherings;
• To appoint and supervise the branch’s Katikkiro, and ensure that he is given all the power, authority and support necessary to enable him to play his role effectively;
• To ensure that the branch top cultural and heritage council together with the branch executive council are put in place and that effective strategies are made for the effective mobilisation and active participation of members in the gatherings of these councils;
• To ensure that the branch’s customs, traditions and heritage including history, cultural sites and artefacts are properly identified, documented, preserved and protected;
• To ensure that effective efforts are made to derive income from the cultural sites and artefacts that are found in the branch;
• To ensure that the branch effectively implements decisions made at the apex;
• To ensure that clan members are effectively mobilised for unity and for undertaking development to achieve improved welfare and prosperity;
• To chair monthly meetings of the branch cultural and heritage council, and to be the Guest of Honour and main celebrant at key events organised in the branch;
• To ensure good governance of the branch through the promotion of effective leadership at all levels in the branch;
• To hear and resolve appeal cases from lower levels pertaining to leadership and property wrangles and disputes within the branch;
• To receive through the office of the branch’s Katikkiro monthly reports from the heads of sub-branches, detailing the activities of those sub-branches;
• To provide a monthly report to Mukalo through the Clan’s Katikkiro office on the activities of the branch;
• To handle requests for holding last funeral rites and other ceremonies and festivities that need action at the branch level;
• To supervise Mukalo’s area representative in all matters involving the effective coordination and smooth operation of the Clan’s activities and programmes in the area;
• To organise an annual gathering where members of the branch meet and get to know each other and to exchange views and share experiences, and map out the way forward for their branch; and
• To rally the branch behind Mukalo and the Clan as a whole.

Heads of Sub-branches (Ab’Emituba)
Heads of sub-branches, historically, are the sons of the branch heads. As a group, they form the third level of hereditary leaders within the Clan. They each constitute clusters of family lineages under one leader (Ow’omutuba) who reports to the Branch Leader (Ow’essiga). They are thus under the control of Ow’essiga (Branch Head). They are members of the branch’s cultural and heritage council.

The head or leader of the sub-branch appoints the lineage’s Katikkiro to whom he delegates power and authority to run the sub-branch on his behalf.

The sub-branch leader’s main roles and responsibilities are:
• To provide leadership and governance under the branch head to the sub-branch of which he is the head, as well as perform all duties pertaining to this position;
• To act as the rallying and unifying figure under the branch leader for clan members of the sub-branch, ensuring that unity is fostered among members;
• To represent the sub-branch in the branch’s cultural and heritage council and in all important branch gatherings;
• To appoint and supervise the sub-branch’s Katikkiro, and ensure that he is given all the power, authority and support he requires to play his mandated role effectively;
• To set up a general assembly where clan members gather and discuss and resolve key issues affecting them and pertaining to the sub-branch in general;
• To ensure that the sub-branch’s cultural and heritage council, the executive council, and the general assembly are well organised and functional, and that members of the sub-branch through their lineages are mobilised to actively participate in the gatherings of these councils;
• To ensure that cultural ceremonies and festivals are held in accordance with the Clan’s standard norms, and that every effort is made to foster only those practices that promote and encourage unity and understanding among clan members and their families:
• To ensure the proper identification, documentation, preservation and protection of the sub-branch’s heritage, including its history, cultural sites and artefacts;
• To ensure that decisions of the branch are speedily and effectively executed;
• To provide support in the mobilisation of members of the sub-branch for unity and development;
• To chair monthly meetings of the sub-branch cultural and heritage council, and to be the Guest of Honour and main celebrant at key events organised in the sub-branch;
• To ensure good governance of the sub-branch through the promotion of effective leadership at all lower levels in the sub-branch;
• With the help of members of the sub-branch’s cultural and heritage council hear cases regarding succession and family wrangles and disputes, ensuring that such wrangles and disputes are amicably settled where possible; and to ensure that if there are any appeals, such appeals are forwarded to the branch leadership through the office of the branch’s Katikkiro;
• To collect information on a monthly basis on the activities of lineages that constitute the sub-branch;
• To provide a monthly report to the branch leader through the branch’s Katikkiro on the activities of the sub-branch;
• To deal with requests for holding last funeral rites and other ceremonies and festivals that require action at the sub-branch level;
• To work alongside Mukalo’s area representative in all matters involving the effective coordination and smooth operation of the Clan’s activities and programmes in the area;
• To organise an annual gathering where members of the sub-branch meet and get to know each other and to exchange views and share experiences, and map out the way forward for their sub-branch; and
• To rally the sub-branch behind branch leadership and Mukalo.

Heads of Family Lineages (Abakulu b’Ennyiriri)
This level is composed of a number of household clusters. The heads of the family lineages are literally the heirs of the male offspring of heads of sub-branches. This important level is controlled by the sub-branch. Members of this level constitute the sub-branch’s cultural and heritage council. This level controls the heads of household clusters.

The head or leader of the family lineage appoints the family lineage’s Katikkiro to whom he delegates power and authority to run the sub-branch on his behalf.

The sub-branch leader’s main roles and responsibilities are:
• To lead and govern the family lineage, as well as perform all cultural and administrative duties pertaining to this position;
• To act as the rallying and unifying figure under the sub-branch leader for clan members in the family lineage, ensuring that he promotes unity and development at this level;
• To ensure that regular meetings of members of the lineage are held to discuss and resolve issues pertaining to the lineage;
• To represent the family lineage at the sub-branch’s cultural and heritage council and at all important sub-branch gatherings;
• To appoint and supervise the family lineage’s Katikkiro, and ensure that he gives the Katikkiro enough power, authority and support to carry out his mandate effectively;
• To ensure that ceremonies and festivals done in the lineage comply with the Clan’s norms, and that only those practices that promote unity and understanding among clan members and their families are encouraged;
• To fulfil his cultural role as leader of the lineage including obtaining information on births and deaths from heads of household clusters, installing heirs, and conducting ceremonies and festivals as main celebrant where need be;
• To identify, document, and take steps to preserve and protect the Clan’s heritage found in the family lineage, including its history, cultural sites and artefacts;
• To ensure that decisions of the branch, through the sub-branch, are speedily and effectively executed;
• To mobilise members of the family lineage for unity and development, ensuring that he shows a good example and sows seeds of goodwill;
• To ensure that the family lineage cultural and heritage council, the executive council, and the general assembly are well organised and functional, and that members of the family lineage through their household clusters are mobilised to actively participate in the gatherings of these councils;
• To chair monthly meetings of the family lineage cultural and heritage council, and to be the Guest of Honour or main celebrant at key events organised in the family lineage;
• To ensure goodwill and good governance of the lineage through the promotion of effective leadership at all lower levels in the family lineage;
• To hear and resolve cases involving leadership and property wrangles and disputes among members of the family lineage;
• To submit monthly reports on the activities of lineage to the sub-branch;
• To provide a monthly report to the branch leader the branch’s Katikkiro about the activities and programmes of the sub-branch;
• To deal with requests for holding cultural functions, ceremonies and festivals;
• To work alongside Mukalo’s area representative in all matters involving the effective coordination and smooth operation of the Clan’s activities and programmes in the lineage;
• To organise an annual gathering where members of the sub-branch meet and get to know each other and to exchange views and share experiences, and map the way forward for their sub-branch; and

Heads of Household Clusters (Abakulu b’Empya)
These leaders control a number of independent households whose members literally grew up in one compound. They are traditionally the heirs of the offspring of the sub-branch lineage heads.
This group make up the membership of next level of Heads of Family Lineages.
The head or leader of the house or literally “compound” appoints the house’s Katikkiro to whom he delegates power and authority to run the household cluster on his behalf.

The sub-branch leader’s main roles and responsibilities are:
• To lead and govern the households under him, as well as perform all cultural duties pertaining to this position;
• To act as the rallying and unifying figure of households under him, ensuring that the sense and need for unity and development are effectively promoted among the group;
• To represent the cluster of households in family lineage’s cultural and heritage councils and to participate in all important family lineage gatherings;
• To appoint and supervise the Katikkiro of his level, ensuring the Katikkiro is given enough power and authority to perform his duties effectively;
• To ensure that regular meetings are called to discuss important issues affecting the level, and to ensure that decisions taken at such meetings are effectively implemented; and to chair such meetings;
• To identify, document, and take steps to preserve and protect the Clan’s heritage found at this level, including its history, cultural sites and artefacts;
• To ensure that decisions from above are speedily and effectively executed;
• To ensure that the right things are done and that they are done rightly, including:
(a) Mobilisation of households for unity and development;
(b) Hearing and resolving cases regarding succession and family wrangles and disputes
(c) Collection of information from the heads of households on births and deaths and submission of the same to the head of the family lineage
(d) Provision of a monthly report to the head of the family lineage on the activities and events taking place at the level
(e) Dealing with requests for holding of last funeral rites and other ceremonies and festivals
(f) Organising and conducting (where necessary) cultural ceremonies and festivals and ensuring that such ceremonies and festivals are carried out in accordance with the Clan’s norms, taking great care to promote only those cultural practices that unite other than divide clan members and their families
(g) Organising a bi-annual gathering of households where members meet and get to know each other, exchange views and share experiences, and map the way forward for their level

Heads of households (Abakulu b’Ennyumba)

This is the primary or lowest level of responsibility in the Clan. This level consists of one household or smallest family unit whose members are brothers and sisters, cousins and grand children who trace their origin to a common ancestor. The leader of this level (Omukulu w’Ennyumba) is the grandfather figure, if he is still alive; or his heir if the grandfather is dead.

The following are the most important functions of the cultural head of the household:
• To keep together members of the household or family unit;
• To organise and chair regular meetings of the household where important issues are discussed and resolved;
• To perform cultural functions such as organising and conducting ceremonies and festivals, e.g. the official naming of children, burial of household members, and last funeral rites and the installation of heirs and division of the deceased’s property;
• To record the births and deaths of members of the household and deliver the information to the head of household clusters (Omukulu w’Oluggya);
• To represent the household in cultural matters at the higher level;
• To urge members of the household to make wills; and
• To ensure that traditional values and morals are upheld within the household.

Culturally, the head of the household is controlled by the head of household clusters.

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